citole wyvern detail

The British Museum Citole: New Perspectives
Stevenson Theatre, British Museum
4-5 November, 2010

Citole Literature

The following offer specific discussion of the British Museum Citole:

Mary Remnant and Richard Marks, 'A medieval gittern', British Museum Yearbook-1, No. 4: Music and Civilisation (1980),  pp.83-134

Jonathan Alexander and Paul Binski, Age of Chivalry: Art in Plantagenet England 1200-1400 (London, Royal Academy of the Arts, 1987), p. 426.

John Cherry, Medieval decorative art (London, The British Museum Press, 1991), pp. 2-9.

Carey Fleiner, 'Dulcet tones: Changing a Gittern into a Citole,' British Museum Magazine 53 (Autumn 2005): p. 45.

Kathryn Buehler-McWilliams, 'The British Museum Citole: An Organological Study' Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society (2007), pp 5-41.

James Robinson, Masterpieces: Medieval Art (London, British Museum Press, 2008), pp. 214-215.

Phillip Kevin et al, A musical instrument fit for a queen: the metamorphosis of a Medieval citole, The British Museum Technical Research Bulletin, Volume 2, 2008, pp13-28, (Archetype Press in association with the British Museum)
Available online here.

Benjamin Hebbert, "
Influssi della liuteria bresciana in Spagna e Inghilterra," in Flavio Dassenno [ed.] Gaspar da Salò, architetto del suono (Cremona, 2009), pp. 45-52.  
English version available online here.

The following discuss the instrument type:

C.E.H. de Coussemaker, 'Les Instruments de musique au moyen âge.- Lyre, Luth, Mandore, Guitare, Cithare, Citole et Pandore', Annales Archéologiques, 16 (1856), pp. 98-110.

Laurence Wright, 'The Medieval Gittern and Citole: A case of mistaken identity' Galpin Society Journal (1977).

Crawford Young, ' Zur Klassifikation und Ikonographischen Interpretation Mittelalterlicher Zupfinstrumente', Basler Jahrbuch Für Historische Musikpraxis, 8 (1984), pp. 67- 104.

Laurence Wright, 'Citole', in The New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments, ed. by Stanley Sadie (London: MacMillan, 1984), pp. 374-79 or The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. by S. Sadie and J. Tyrell (London: Macmillan, 2001), pp. 872-76.

Juan José Rey and Antonio Navarro, Los instrumentos de púa en España: Bandurria, cítola y «laúdes españoles» (Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 1994).

Astrid Eitschberger, Musikinstrumente in höfischen Romanen de deustchen Mittelalters, Imagines Medii Aevi: Interdisziplinäre Beitrage zur Mittelalterforschung (Weisbaden: Reichert Verlag, 1999)

Crawford Young, 'Lute, Gittern, and Citole', in A Performer's Guide to Medieval Music, ed. by Ross W.  Duffin (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2000), pp. 355-75.

Manuel Pedro Ferreira, Cantus Coronatus: 7 Cantigas, trans. by David Cranmer, DeMusica (Kassel: Edition Reichenberger, 2005).